Europa Nostra report on Romania's wooden churches
Pro Patrimonio is happy to announce that Europa Nostra's report and action plan have been made public and urges for action to be undergone as soon as possible
THE 7 MOST ENDANGERED 2014
European experts propose action plan to save and restore wooden churches in Romania
Bucharest / The Hague, 5 March 2015 - Europa Nostra, the leading European heritage organisation, and the European Investment Bank Institute made public today an action plan to save and restore wooden churches in southern Transylvania and northern Oltenia in Romania, listed among ‘The 7 Most Endangered’ heritage sites in Europe in 2014, following a nomination by the national heritage NGO Pro Patrimonio Foundation.
In their technical and financial report, the independent experts state that this conservation project “is worthy of support” and stress that “action on many fronts is required soon”. They recommend the creation of a steering committee of representatives of the key parties as a first step; advocate greater involvement from the owner, the Romanian Orthodox Church, and various Government Ministries; and argue that several financing possibilities need to be explored, the main one being from the EU Structural & Investment Funds.
“The programme is relatively modest – the approximate total cost is 2.5 million euros – and could make a considerable impact in terms of preserving the unique cultural and religious heritage in these rural areas. It would also provide jobs which use traditional skills and enhance the tourism interest. Thus it is worthy of support, and action on many fronts is required soon as delay will only aggravate the situation,” reads the report led by Peter Bond, Technical Consultant provided by the European Investment Bank Institute.
The programme comprises a total of 74 wooden churches, dating from the 18th-19th centuries, the majority of which are located in the counties of Hunedoara, Sibiu, Vâlcea and Gorj. These religious buildings were selected taking into account various criteria: urgency of the work, potential use, heritage value, tourism interest and local support. Most of the churches will be used by the community, as places of worship and/or as sociocultural centres, and there is generally heritage value and tourism interest in these buildings.
Three phases are proposed, with the emphasis on phase 1, the “action phase” consisting of a balanced mix of activities to complete the restoration of 8 “priority” churches and to prepare subsequent phases. Phase 2 includes the completion of 16 “medium priority” churches. Phase 3 involves completing other potentially viable schemes (some 20 churches). Assuming available finance, phase 1 could take place from early 2015 to end 2018; phase 2 from mid-2016 to end 2019, and phase 3 from mid-2017 to end 2020.
Efficient management of the programme implementation is a key to its success. “In the short term, Pro Patrimonio may be able to continue acting as the effective promoter, coordinator and project manager, but a more structured, integrated and comprehensive approach is needed in the longer term. This requires greater involvement and commitment from the owner, the Romanian Orthodox Church, and the Ministries of Culture, Tourism and Agriculture and Rural Development. The exact modus operandi needs to be discussed and agreed between the parties and this needs to be put in place soon. The formation of a steering committee of representatives from the key parties is a recommended first step,” it is stressed.
According to the report, the nature of the conservation project requires grant financing. Several possibilities need to be explored, the main one being from the EU Structural & Investment Funds, such as the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). Other potential sources of funding mentioned in the report are international donors (e.g. the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)), bilateral grant funds (e.g. the Norwegian Fund through EFTA), private funds (e.g. the UK Headley Trust or the George Enesno Foundation), Romanian national and municipal funds, and Church donations.
“There is an urgent need to seek grant funds mainly from the EU, initially concentrating on phase 1. The resources and possibilities provided by the interested parties, including the Ministries of Culture, Tourism and Agriculture and Rural Development should be combined to actively assist in seeking EU and other funds”, it is stated. “National and local funds are important as they have the flexibility to provide the seed money to start the programme preparation phase essential to present a viable project to long-term donors,” it is added.
Technical challenges also need to be addressed. A potential lack of the traditional skills and associated expertise for the timber construction and decoration may present difficulties. Training, support and the sharing of experience need to be encouraged. The adaptation of some traditional processes to modern technology merits review.
With the aim of encouraging visitors, it is proposed that the wooden churches are linked into tourism circuits with other monuments and heritage sites of higher attraction, such as the monastery at Horezu, the Cula museum and the Astra museum near Sibiu.
This action plan was prepared following on the basis of the outcomes of the four-day mission in Southern Transylvania and Northern Oltenia undertaken in October 2014, during which heritage and financial experts from Europa Nostra and the European Investment Bank Institute visited the most iconic wooden churches in the region and met with local, regional and national stakeholders
Europa Nostra and the European Investment Bank Institute will announce in the coming weeks the technical and financial actions plans for the other heritage sites listed for ‘The 7 Most Endangered’ 2014, namely the historic stage machinery of the Bourla theatre in Antwerp in Belgium, the neighbourhoods of Dolcho and Apozari in Kastoria in Greece, the citadel of Alessandria in Italy, the carillons of the Mafra National Palace in Portugal, and the synagogue in Subotica in Serbia. The mission related to the Colour Row Settlement in Chernyakhovsk in Russia is expected to take place later in the year.
‘The 7 Most Endangered’ programme was launched in January 2013 by Europa Nostra with the European Investment Bank Institute as founding partner and the Council of Europe Development Bank as associated partner. It identifies endangered monuments and sites in Europe and mobilises public and private partners on a local, national and European level to find a viable future for those sites. ‘The 7 Most Endangered’ has the support of the Creative Europeprogramme of the European Union, as part of Europa Nostra’s networking project ‘Mainstreaming Heritage’.
Europa Nostra is the European federation of heritage organisations. Covering 42 countries in Europe and beyond, the organisation is the voice of civil society committed to the safeguard and promotion of Europe’s cultural and natural heritage. Founded in 1963 in Paris, Europa Nostra has its headquarters in The Hague and an office in Brussels. Its pan-European network comprises: 250 heritage NGOs with a total membership of several million people; 150 public bodies or private companies; and 1200 individual members. Europa Nostra campaigns to save Europe's endangered monuments, sites and landscapes; it celebrates excellence through its Awards Scheme run in partnership with the European Commission; and it seeks to influence European and national policies related to heritage. Plácido Domingo, the world-renowned opera singer, is the President of Europa Nostra.
The European Investment Bank Institute promotes European initiatives for the common good. It was created as part of the European Investment Bank Group in January 2012 to act as a catalyst for social, cultural, educational and research activities directed towards economic and social development in Europe. Detailed information on the activities of the Institute can be obtained from its website. http://institute.eib.org/
Photos of wooden churches
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